William Strang, who was to play an important role in Allied negotiations with Moskow in 1939 and who eventually became Permanent Under-Secretary at the Foreign Office, later wrote: 'It can fairly be said of Neville Chamberlain that he was not well versed in foreign affairs, that he had no touch for a diplomatic situation, that he did not fully realise what it was he was doing, and that his naive confidence in his own judgement and power of persuasion and achievement was misplaced.' Strang summed up Chamberlain's approach to the subject coolly and without rancour, despite the frustration, and even desperation, which he must have felt at the time, but which he concealed like the dedicated civil servant he was. 'His mind was dominated,' Strang said, 'by two thoughts. The first was hatred of war so deep that he would think that heavy sacrifices would be justified in order to avoid it. The second was the belief that the German and Italian dictators were men whose word could be relied on; that it was possible to come to agreements with them which could transform the international situation for the better and give peace in Europe; and by that by his personal influence with them he could hope to bring such agreements about.' - The Deadly Embrace: Hitler, Stalin, and the Nazi-Soviet Pact 1939-1941, By Anthony Read, David Fisher, Pages 24-25
Neville Chamberlain holding the paper containing the resolution to commit to peaceful methods signed by both Hitler and himself on his return from Munich. He is showing the piece of paper to a crowd at Heston Aerodrome on 30 September 1938. He said:
"...the settlement of the Czechoslovakian problem, which has now been achieved is, in my view, only the prelude to a larger settlement in which all Europe may find peace. This morning I had another talk with the German Chancellor, Herr Hitler, and here is the paper which bears his name upon it as well as mine (waves paper to the crowd - receiving loud cheers and "Hear Hears"). Some of you, perhaps, have already heard what it contains but I would just like to read it to you ...".Later that day he stood outside Number 10 Downing Street and again read from the document and concluded:
'"My good friends, for the second time in our history, a British Prime Minister has returned from Germany bringing peace with honour. I believe it is peace for our time."
Guess they didn't get the memo!A hardline demonstrator leaves after pouring kerosene on posters of U.S. President-elect Barack Obama, during a demonstration in support of the people of Gaza, in front of the Swiss Embassy in Tehran January 13, 2009. - REUTERS/Stringer (IRAN) - Yahoo News